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    Weifang World Kite Museum
    Tel:0536-8251752 / 8237313
    Address:66 Xingzheng Street, Weifang City, Shandong, P.R. China
    Post Code:261041

Weifang World Kite Museum

The Development of Kite

???? Kites were once called Zhiyuan in North China and Yaozi in South China.The name "Feng-zheng" came unto use during the Five Dynasties (907-960 AD).According to the book Xun Chu Lu by lang Ying of the Ming Dynasty,Li Ye,who lived in the Five Dynasties,used to make and fly kites in the imperial court.He once attached a shistle made of bamboo to the upper part of his kite so that a "zheng" sound was let out when the kite was flying.This ws how the Chinese name for kite lriginated.

????? How the kite was invented?It was thought that it was our ancestors who were inspired by either wind blowing bamboo hat or leaves of trees;or sails or thets;or a flying bird.There are so many contradictory views that it is difficult to decide shich is right.But it is universally acknowledged that the first flew into the air from China .Mo Di(468---376 BC),a famous philosopher of ancient China,once lived on Mount Lu(now the southeast of Qingzhou,Weifang),where he made an eagle with wood in three years.He managed to fly it for one day.This was the earliest kite in the world.which went back as for as 2,300 years ago.Later,he passed on his skill to his student.Gongshu Ban(later referred to as lu Ban).On basis of Mo Di's,Gongshu Ban got his own improved.He made a magpie out of bamboo,which flew into the air for as long as three days.Gongshu Ban also used his kite to undertake reconnaissance missions.Early Chinese kites were employed to relay servey theforce and direction of wind as well.According to the book Du Yi Zhi,Emperor Wu Di of Liang Dynasty,was encircled by Hou Jing,a traitor in Taicheng,Nanjing in 549 A D.Jian Nu put forth a plan to fly a paper kite,in which an imperial edict was hidden,asking for reinforcement.The kite was unfortunately shot down by the encircling soldiers.Thus the plan was failed.

????? Kites came into existence in China as means of amusement probably in the TANG Dynasty.It was said that Emperor Xuan Zong(his rial name was Li Longji) once enjoyed watching a kite called "Eight Lmmortals Crossing the Sea" flying in the air in Yichun Courtyard,Penglai Palace,Shangdong.The book Xuan He Feng Zheng Pu refers to similar events which Chiese emperors and aristocrats enjoyed and watched kites flying.later,due tothe invention of paper,making kites cost less,thus made it possible to spread quickly among the ordinary people.As time went on,kites flew to various countries of the world.

?? The Famous british scientist,Dr.Needham in his book A history of China'-s Science and Technology describes kites as one of the major scientific inventions spread to Europe by Chine.A foreign kite specialist said,"It is universally acknowledged that it was the Chineae who invented the kite 2,000 years ago.kite aroused man's idea to fly in the sky,which led to the invention of the first airplane of the world."